Christo (Javacheff) was
born in 1935 in Gabrovo, Bulgaria.
Between 1953 and 1956 he studied painting, sculpture and stage design
at the Academy of Fine Arts, Sofia. His studies took h im to Prague,
Czechoslovakia, Vienna, and to Paris, where he settled for few years
beginning in 1958 and where he began to package objects.
In 1964 he moved to New York where he made his first "store fronts,
which were shown at the Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, and at
the Leo Castelli Gallery, New York. In 1968 Christo and Jeanne-Claude
wrapped their first building, the Kunsthalle in Bern. They wrapped
a mile and a half of Australian coast in 1969, and followed that work
in 1972 with Valley Curtain, composed of 250,000 square feet of orange
nylon fabric stretching across a pass in Rifle, Colorado.
especially well-known largescale projects were Valley Curtain and
Running Fence in Sonoma County California, in 1976. The two-part drawing
shown here is a preliminary study for Christo and Jeanne-Claude's
monumental Running Fence (1972-76), a fabric curtain twenty-four and
one-half miles long and eighteen feet high that linked the northern
California town of Cotati at Highway 101 to the Pacific Ocean at Bodega
Bay. With a pastel and charcoal rendering, topographical map, and
technical details for one site on the Fence, the Oberlin drawing documents
the long-planned, short-lived project.
By far Christo and Jeanne-Claude's most complex and lyrical project
up to that time, Running Fence was described by the artist as "a
celebration of the landscape . . . The fabric is a light-conductor
for the sunlight, and it will give shape to the wind. It will go over
the hills and into the sea, like a ribbon of light."
Conceived and financed by Christo and Jeanne-Claude, the project
began in 1972 and was completed on 10 September 1976. It took forty-two
months of collaborative effort, 240,000 yards of heavy woven white
nylon fabric, ninety miles of steel cable, 2,050 poles embedded
three feet into the ground, and 14,000 earth anchors. Deinstallation
of all materials began two weeks after completion of the fence,
and all materials were completely removed from the site and given
to local ranchers.
Other major projects included The Pont Neuf Wrapped (1975-85); Wrapped
Reichstag (1971-95); Surrounded Islands (1980-83) -- eleven islands
in Biscayne Bay near Miami, Florida, surrounded by wide collars
of floating pink polypropylene fabric; and The Umbrellas, Japan-USA
(1985-91). Christo and Jeanne-Claude live in New York City.
Bodega Landmark Studio Gallery is
the local distributor for all Christo Running Fence Project Art.
We have prints and publications.